an antigen that is prostate-specificPSA) test steps the amount of PSA within the blood. The prostate gland produces PSA, a protein that at a level that is elevated be considered a sign of prostate cancer. A high PSA reading also may indicate noncancerous conditions such as for instance infection of the prostate (prostatitis) and enlargement of this prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia).
Guys who have symptoms associated with prostate cancer may have PSA test along having a rectum that is digital (DRE). These symptoms consist of burning or pain during urination, loss of bladder control, painful ejaculation, and swelling in legs or area that is pelvic. A clinician takes a sample of your blood and sends it to a lab for analysis for the test.
In days gone by, a PSA reading of 4 ng/mL and below had been considered normal. Guys with a reading above 4 ng/mL had been considered most likely to have prostate cancer tumors and would have a biopsy to verify the cancer’s presence. According towards the National Cancer Institute, research has discovered that men with prostate cancer might have a low PSA level, while men without prostate cancer could have a high level. One in four guys with A psa that is elevated actually has prostate cancer. However, a boost in PSA degree over time might indicate a prostate cyst.